Indonesian aquaculture experienced a 3.11 according to cent increase in extent within the first zone of 2017, to three.Ninety million heaps of fish.

fish

There became also a 37 according to cent increase in farmed fish feed, which reached IDR 30.90 trillion (USD 2.31 billion), from the same zone in 2016, pronounced Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry’s aquaculture directorate preferred Slamet Soebjakto.

In addition, the professional explained that as a part of the authorities’ plans to growth aquaculture manufacturing, the authorities intends to broaden the activity in 34 provinces this 12 months, protecting 173 regencies and cities.

To this stop, the government could distribute some one hundred million young fish to farmers to revitalize 250 devices of floating nets to develop fish and distribute coverage premium for three, especially three hundred hectares of fish farms.

In addition to that, the government will revitalize fishponds in 20 regencies/towns, develop fishponds for catfish in 60 regencies/cities and open offshore aquaculture in Sabang, Aceh; Pangandaran, West Java and Karimunjava, Central Java.

“Aquaculture has a strategic characteristic, economically, socially and geo Poli especially because it has notable ability to enhance welfares of the humans. It is our task to make this enterprise greater effective and green if you want to greatly affect the national financial system soon,” he added.

On the other hand, to further strengthen the aquaculture enterprise inside u. S . A ., particularly the location of small-scale aquaculture manufacturers of seaweed, milkfish and shrimp in 4 regencies in South Sulawesi, a four-12 months, multi-associate project could be implemented by way of the International Office and the School of Fisheries at the Marine Institute in partnership with the Canadian Co-operative Association (CCA) and nearby Indonesian companies, Kospermindo (Koperasi Serikat Pekerja Merdeka Indonesia) and LP3M (Lembaga Pengkajian Pedesaan, Pantai dan Masyarakat).

The mission — INVEST Co-op Indonesia — is designed to enhance the livelihoods of small farm manufacturers in Indonesia, Malawi, Mongolia and Peru.

Its purpose is to growth production, productiveness and access to markets and economic services thru included to implement the venture.

As a part of this system, aquaculture practices that are not handiest resilient to weather trade, however also boom great and yield of production may be introduced.

Support may also be furnished to farmers to improve get entry to economic offerings and markets through their co-operatives.

Activities will sell collaboration with governments, private organizations, business institutions, studies establishments and different stakeholders to bolster networks and create a conducive environment for co-operatives to provide better livelihoods to farmers.

Fish Farm Ponds With Aquaponics: A Sustainable Alternative to Aquaculture

Aquaculture

Aquaculture is the breeding of marine animals in the water. It can take place in natural water bodies such as ponds, lakes, marshland or brackish water and the ocean. It can also be conducted in man-made tanks, commonly found in fish hatcheries. Regardless of where it takes place, Aquaculture has an impact on the environment locally and globally. To become an environmentally sustainable activity and economically sound is necessary to implement strict regulations on the management of resources and a careful site selection. Nevertheless, there is a natural alternative: Aquaponics.

Aquaponics is the breeding of marine animals in tanks or ponds using the fish tank water to grow without soil, vegetables, fruits or seaweed. It is a balanced closed system that recreates the same process we see in a natural pond where plants and animals thrive in perfect harmony.

The Aquaculture faces some environmental challenges that Aquaponics has naturally solved. I list these challenges below:

1. Effluents and waste management.

The practice of Aquaculture necessarily includes waste management. The effluents in these farms include uneaten food, metabolic excretions, and feces. They consist of both organic solid waste and dissolved organic and inorganic nutrients, which are discharged on a daily basis into the environment. The flux of these compounds should never surpass the natural assimilation capacity of the local ecosystem because severe impacts, such as eutrophication, oxygen depletion and alteration of local biodiversity, can occur both in the water column and in the bottom substrate. To replace the discharged water is imperative refilled the tank with clean water. This involves extensive use of water resource.

In Aquaponics, there is no waste. It is a closed balanced ecosystem. What has considered waste in Aquaculture is useful input for the balance between the needs of the fish and the need for the vegetables. Bacterial colonies are responsible for the conversion of ammonia and nitrite to nitrogen readily assimilated by plants. Other potential participants are worms. They can decompose solid waste from the fish, excess roots and other materials that plant slough off, making them more bio-available for the plants. As a result of these multiple natural filters, there is clean water in the fish tank all the time. There is no need to change and discharge the water to the natural environment. Less work for the farmer and no risk for the environment.

2. Origin and quality of food for the fish.

In Aquaculture, generally, the food for the cultivated fish comes from fish in the ocean. This contributes to overharvest of the oceans. Another problem is that they are often pumped with hormones to promote rapid growth, and in some cases are even given chemicals to change their color, such synthetic astaxanthin to salmon to enhance the pink.

In order to preserve the health of the system and produce organic vegetables and fish, in Aquaponics, the quality of the food is a priority. Hormones and other synthetic chemicals are not permitted in this closed system: they directly affect the metabolism of the plants. The diet of the fish can be naturally supplemented by the introduction of a worm farm, a black fly farm or duckweed tanks to complement high quality commercial food that often comes from vegetal protein sources, (as has been proposed by the National Organic Standards Board, limiting the amount of fishmeal and fish oils in organically certified aquaculture products).

3. Veterinary medicines.

In Aquaculture, like any factory-farmed meat, the living conditions of the animals are not optimal and are often kept alive by the continuous use of antibiotics. In addition, any medical treatment given to the cultivated fish poses a risk for the natural environment if the discharged water has not gone through adequate neutralization or dilution.

Antibiotics for fish are not permitted in Aquaponics because they can also affect the bacteria needed for the balance. The high oxygen levels in Aquaponics systems and the worm’s activity, help mitigate disease outbreaks in both fish and plants. In case there is a need to treat a particular disease, there is no risk of contaminating the natural environment.

4. Transfer of pathogens to wild stock populations

Aquaculture: with the need to drain the water, there is a risk of pathogen transfer to wild stock populations.

Since Aquaponics is a closed system, any problem regarding the health of the fish will be treated within the system. There is no risk of contaminating other species in the wild. This follows automatically from local regulations in which cultivated species should not be released to the environment. Aquaponics is a balanced ecosystem that promotes health and vitality both in fish and plants.

5. Antifouling products

Antifouling products are necessary to prevent or minimize biofouling in Aquaculture tanks. Biofouling is the gradual accumulation of organisms, like bacteria and protozoa, on the surfaces of the tanks in contact with water.

Since, biofouling is a natural process in a wet environment, in Aquaponics is not necessary to get rid of microorganisms or algae. As an ecosystem, they are part of the living equilibrium. For instance, algae are good food for some species of fish.

Aquaponics, as we have seen, is a great option for those committed to sustainability, aiming to secure the future of our planet. It is a technique that can be used indefinitely as an endless virtuous cycle that will enable organic harvest all year. In addition, it is an excellent choice for those looking for efficiency and ease of operation in the route for food self-sufficiency.

If you are using Aquaculture practices as a business or at home, take the opportunity to know more about what Aquaponics has to offer!

The Difference Between Indonesian Socialism, Democratic Socialism, and Marxism

Indonesian

Based on its many government-funded social programs, Indonesia would qualify to be called a Socialistic Nation or Welfare State. The question is what kind or type of Socialism is Indonesia?

Would it be the Marxist-Leninism type such as in North Korea, East European Countries, and Cuba? It would certainly not be the case. The Marxist-Leninism started from a Socialistic idea or Socialism where the means of production is owned and controlled by the government. To realize its socialistic distributive deals by a central economic planning, it needs a strong government control which eventually could develop to totalitarianism such as what we see happening with Communism in North Korea. Indonesia, on the other hand, has a decentralized governance system, a free and strong private sector and affinity to the first principle of Pancasila which relates to God. This latter fact is in stark contrast to the ideology of Karl Max who is known for his belief that “Religion is The Opiate of Masses”.

Would it be the Scandinavian Democratic Socialism such as in Norway, Denmark, and Sweden? This would also not be a perfect match since Indonesian tax rates are not as high and “punishable” as in those countries; which, allows growth for the economy and keep the preservation of businesses and corporations. For example, the Indonesian top marginal income tax rate for the individual is 39% compared to Denmark that has 60%. Indonesian Corporate Tax rate is 25%, which is quite low especially when you compare that to the US Corporate Tax rate of 39.1% given the fact that the US is considered a Capitalistic count